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绝对不容错过的2013年13大不可思议的科技发明

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发表于 2013-12-22 15:04:02 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
在2013年科技领域给了我们许多谈资。我们造出了智能机器人。我们用3D打印做出各种玩意。平板电脑激战正酣,Snapchat依然是项话题应用,此外我们还能以更多前所未有的方式大看特看喜欢的电视节目。 译注:Snapchat是一款“阅后即焚”照片分享应用,2011年上线。该应用最主要的功能便是所有照片都有一个1到10秒的生命期,用户拍了照片发送给好友后,这些照片会根据用户所预先设定的时间按时自动销毁。该创意应用在国外相当火爆。 是的,2013年带给我们许多每天都用得到的惊人创新。但这里还有些特别难以置信,你可能闻所未闻的点子。 1. Living, breathing running shoes. 1、活生生、会呼吸的跑鞋 如果一切按Shamees Aden的计划发展,可能有一天你再也不需要买新跑鞋了。这位设计师兼生物科技研究员在伦敦的未来穿戴式科技大会上发布了她的产品原型,这是一件与南丹麦大学教授的合作产物。这双鞋是用原始细胞——一种没有活性的微粒,但可以经过组合创造出活生生的生命——3D打印出来的,如同穿戴者的第二层皮肤一样合脚。用过一次以后,需要像对室内植物一样对它们进行一定的养护。这双懒人鞋还能对穿戴者施加的压力做出回应,根据需要进行膨胀或收缩,将双足衬垫得更加舒适。但是尽管这项技术已基本完善,这种鞋子可能在2050年前都不具备商业可行性。 译注:懒人鞋(slip-on shoes)是一种没有鞋带、穿上脱下都比较方便的鞋子。
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 楼主| 发表于 2013-12-22 15:05:30 | 显示全部楼层
2. The phone you can take apart like Legos. 2、可以像积木一样拼接的电话 Like playing with LEGOs, a modular smartphone is a make-it-yourself device consisting of an endoskeleton base and modules that attach to create a custom phone. Don't care about having a camera? Swap it out for a larger battery. Want to update your display without getting an entirely new phone? You could do that, too. 就像拼积木一样,模块化智能手机是一种自组装式的设备,包括一个基本内骨骼和一些用来组建自定义手机的模块。不想要摄像头吗?那就把它卸下来换上更大容量的电池吧。想要换个新的显示屏又不想买新手机?你也一样做得到。 Motorola has been collaborating on a mission to make these devices a reality with Dave Hakkens, creator of a similar initiative called Phoneblocks, since this past fall. Project Ara would result in less electronic waste with devices that last a lot longer. Leading 3D printer manufacturer 3D Systems also recently got involved in an effort to improve the phones' blocky aesthetics. 自从去年秋以及来,摩托罗拉一直在与Dave Hakkens合作使这种设计成为现实,此人是一种类似的叫做Phoneblocks的创新设备的发明者。最近,领先的3D打印机制造商3D Systems公司也参与进来,尝试改进这款手机的模块美感。 3、新鲜出炉的打印披萨 Giving us even more reason to send funds its way, NASA awarded Systems & Materials Research Corporation a grant this year to develop a 3D food printer. And boy, did they deliver. The device combines powdered ingredients with water and oil on a heated surface to make dough, sauce and a protein-based topping. Astronauts on a mission to Mars -- where a food supply would need to last at least 15 years, according to Systems & Materials -- would be able to print their own meals. But the designers behind the printer envision something more -- a future where dishes are custom-printed to fulfill individual nutritional needs. (But we just want a slice of that pizza. Do they come in slices?) 美国航天局拨款给系统与材料研究公司研发3D食物打印机,这让我们更有理由向其提供资金了。而那群伙计也达成了任务。这套设备将面粉和水混合起来,并在受热面上涂上油,做出面团、酱料和蛋白质类装饰物。执行火星任务的宇航员——系统与材料公司称至少需提供15年的食物供应——可以打印出自己的饭菜了。但是这套打印机的设计者有更大野望——在未来菜肴通过定制打印生产出来,从而满足个人营养需要。 (但我们只想要一片披萨。能把它们做成一片片的吗?) 4. An app that catches your dreams. 4、记录梦境的应用 Shadow is an app designed to wake you up oh-so-gently, because no one likes a jarring wakeup and because that's the best way to bring you into "hypnopompic" sleep -- the space between sleep and awake where dreams are most easily remembered. The app would then prompt you to record your dream via text or voice. It would result in a database of dreams that could not only help individuals better understand themselves, but could give sleep scientists more fodder for analysis. 魅影是一款设计用来轻轻唤醒你的应用,毕竟一来没人喜欢在吵闹声中醒来,二来这种方式最容易让你进入“半睡眠”状态——这是一种半梦半醒状态,此时梦境最容易被回忆起来。然后这款应用会提示你通过文字或声音记录梦境。这会产生一座梦境数据库,不仅可以帮助人们更好地认识自己,还给了睡眠学家更多分析材料。 Shadow was successfully funded on Kickstarter back in November, so you can look out for it sometime soon. 魅影已于11月在Kickstarter顺利筹资,所以很快你就能看到它了。 译注:Kickstarter于2009年4月在美国纽约成立,是一个创意方案的众筹网站平台。 5. Showers that reuse your soapy water. 5、循环利用洗澡水的淋浴设备 The OrbSys shower claims to save up to 90 percent of the water you'd normally use to get yourself clean by catching and sending it right back to you. Don't worry -- the dirty, soapy water goes through a purification process first, before it emerges as drinking quality at a higher-than-average pressure. And because the used water only needs to be reheated slightly, the shower saves up to 80 percent in energy, or about $1,350 per year from the average utility bill. Swedish tech company Orbital Systems developed the shower with NASA's Johnson Space Center, having been inspired by the designs used in space missions, where fresh water is obviously limited. 这款OrbSys的淋浴设备声称可以节省你在日常生活中用来清洁身体的用水量的90%,方法是将用水收集起来再送还给你。别担心——脏兮兮的肥皂水首先会经过净化处理,直到达到饮用水品质,水质比平均水准还要高。而且由于已经使用过的水只需再稍微加热,这套淋浴器可节能80%,换句话说根据平均物业账单计算,每年可节约1350美元。瑞典科技公司Orbital Systems联合美国太空局的约翰逊航天中心开发了这套淋浴器,最初是受航天计划中的一些设计的启发,在那儿水资源相当有限。 译注:OrbSys就是Orbital Systems的简称。 6. A mind-reading camera that makes life GIF-able. 6、让生活动态图化的的读心摄像机 How many times has a moment so absolutely hilarious or unbelievably adorable unfolded before your eyes, making you wish you'd been holding a video camera? Japanese tech company Neurowear's high-tech headgear, Neurocam, aims to solve that problem for you. The device straps a camera and an electroencephalogram reader to the wearer's cranium. During moments of high-frequency electronic signals detected through the skull -- a general indication of excitement -- the camera switches on to record short five-second GIFs onto an iPhone that is somewhat awkwardly attached to the device. 有多少次一个超级搞笑或者可爱得难以置信的时刻就在你眼前,让你恨不得手里拿着个摄像机?日本科技公司Neurowear开发的高科技头盔Neurocam前来替您解决这个难题了。这套设备包括一个摄像头和一个位于佩戴者头部的脑电图识别仪。检测到头骨内的高频电信号的瞬间——通常是兴奋的象征——摄像头会启动并记录下短暂的5秒动态图,传输到一部有些笨拙地连接到这个设备上的IPhone里。 7. A bike wheel that could save your commute (and the planet). 7、拯救你的通勤时间(以及地球)的自行车轮 Instead of arriving to work breathless and drenched in sweat, what if you could glide up to the bike rack with ease, knowing you've just saved time by not walking, as well as dollars and pollution by not driving? The FlyKly Smart Wheel aims to help promote biking as a transportation alternative by making the whole ordeal easier. Simply switch out your rear bike wheel with a new, minimalist electric one, and download the app for your smartphone. The wheel communicates with your phone via bluetooth, tracking distance, time and speed -- the wheel can go up to 25MPH for about 50 miles without needing a charge. 与其气喘吁吁、满头大汗地到达工作场所,何不在轻松自如地在自行车座上一路飞驰,这样既比步行节省时间,又比驾车更加经济环保。这款FlyKly智能车轮旨在通过将累人的部分变轻松,协助自行车晋升为出行方式的又一选择。只要丢掉你的自行车后轮,用一个全新的小型电动版取而代之,再给你的智能机下载相应应用。车轮通过蓝牙设备连接你的手机,监测距离、时间和速度——这个车轮在不充电的情况下可以以25公里每小时的速度行驶大约50公里。 Smart Wheel's Kickstarter campaign was funded above and beyond its goal back in November, and pre-orders are starting now. 智能车轮已经于11月在Kickstarter上完成并超出集资目标,目前已开始预售。 8. A wristband that lets your boss play Big Brother. 8、让你老板变身老大哥的腕带 译注:老大哥(Big Brother)这个词在西方是一个梗,看过《1984》的都知道。BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU. You've may have heard of quantified self, the term coined by Wired editors Gary Wolf and Kevin Kelly in 2007 to describe the growing practice of logging personal biological data. Nike's Fuel Band, for example, really took off this year by offering wearers the chance to track their own physical activity. 你可能听说过量化生活(quantified self),这个术语是由《连线》编辑Gary Wolf和Kevin Kelly于2007年发明的,用来形容不断增加的记录个人生体数据的活动。以耐克公司的Fuel Band为例,能够让佩戴者实时监控个人身体数据,在今年一鸣惊人。 译注:Fuel Band功能如上所述,共两代,第一代于2012年2月推出,第二代于2013年10月推出。 Back in February, however, British supermarket Tesco was accused of using armbands on each of its warehouse workers to monitor speed of work, punishing workers for taking unauthorized breaks. It helped spark a conversation about the concept of a "quantified workplace," wherein employers use increasingly commonplace tracking devices ostensibly to help employees help themselves become better worker bees. Yes, this kind of efficiency study has been used for over a century already, but it could add to the vast amount of personal data that is already beginning to replace traditional hiring (and firing) practices. 然而,早在2月,英国超市特易购被控利用发给每个仓库工人的臂章监控工人们的工作速度,惩罚擅自休息的工人。这引发了一场关于“量化工作地”概念的讨论,雇主越来越普遍地使用监控设备,表面上说是要帮助雇员成为更辛勤的小蜜蜂。当然,这种效率调查的方式已经被使用了一个世纪了,但可能助长使用海量的私人数据取代传统的雇佣(以及解雇)方式的情况。 9. A pen that lets you draw 3D stick figures. 9、能让你画出三维线图的笔 The toy company WobbleWorks put up a Kickstarter page back in February to fund its 3Doodler pen, a fun device that allows doodles to expand beyond 2D surfaces. The goal was to raise $30,000 to launch their product. By the campaign's end, however, the company had garnered over $2.3 million in donations. The pen works by heating up and dispensing a thin plastic filament that cools down quickly to create hardened structures. It's like drawing with hot glue, and each one-foot stick of plastic can provide 11 feet worth of doodles. 3Doodlers are still not quite ready for mass production yet, but they are available for pre-order. 二月份的时候玩具公司WobbleWorks在Kickstarter建立了一个网页为其3D涂鸦笔筹资,这是一种能让涂鸦突破二次元的装置。公司的目标是筹集30000美元推出他们的产品。但是截止竞标结束,这家公司已经筹集了超过230万美元的援助。这支笔的工作原理是加热并分离出快速冷却的细塑料丝线,构造出硬化结构。这就像使用热胶水作画,每一英尺长的塑料棒可画出11英寸长的涂鸦。3D涂鸦笔还没有万全准备好投入批量生产,但已经可以预购。 10. A real-life version of Harry Potter's Marauder's Map. 哈利波特的活点地图的现实版 The map used to track the locations of everyone in the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is now real! Kind of. A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon created a network of video cameras that track human movement using mathematical models, showing the locations of many people at once. The system can estimate locations even if an individual has slipped out of the camera's view. It was tested in a nursing home to help staff keep track of residents -- the researchers intended their project be used for such good applications, not evil. "The goal is not to be Big Brother," one clarified. 用来追踪霍格沃茨魔法学校里每个人位置的地图如今成真了!某种程度上。卡耐基-梅隆大学的一只研究团队发明了一套用数学模型监控人类活动的摄像机网络,能够一次显示许多人的位置。即使某人离开了镜头的视野,这套系统也能估计其位置。该系统曾在一所护理之家里进行测试,用来帮助员工持续监控住民——研究人员希望他们的项目能得到这样的善意而非恶意应用。“我们的目的不是当老大哥。”有人澄清道。 11. Home insulation grown out of fungi. 11、用真菌长出来的房屋隔热层 The winning submission to this year's Buckminster Fuller Challenge, a $100K prize doled out to the most socially responsible design, was Ecovative's mycological biomaterial. College buddies Eben Bayer and Gavin McIntyre came up with the idea to use fungi as a binding agent while studying engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York back in 2007. Their eco-friendly material could replace existing plastic foams -- which are both non-recyclable and petroleum-based -- with a substitute derived from fungi for applications in furniture, building insulation, and even footwear or surfboards. 今年的巴克明斯特·富勒挑战的优胜参选作品,获得10万美元奖金的最具社会责任感的设计,是Ecovative的真菌生物材料。2007年的时候,大学朋友Eben Bayer和Gavin McIntyre在纽约伦斯勒理工学院学习工程学时想出了用真菌作为粘合剂这个点子。他们的环境友好材料可以替代现有的泡沫塑料——一种不可回收的石油制品——提取自真菌的替代品可应用于家具、建筑保温材料,甚至是鞋类和冲浪板。 译注:巴克明斯特·富勒(1895-1983),美国著名建筑师、发明家、哲学家。他最著名的设计是蒙特利尔世博会的美国馆“富勒球”。因为太出名了所以后来的碳60又被称为富勒球。 12. A font that can fool the NSA. 12、可以骗过国家安全局的字体 Like invisible ink for the digital age, Sang Mun created a rebellious way to type covert messages only decodable by human eyes. (Or we can pretend it does, anyway -- hackers have pointed out it's not totally effective.) 就像是信息时代的隐形墨水,Sang Mun发明了一种变幻莫测的方式输入隐秘信息,使其只能被肉眼识别。(或者我们可以假装它是这样的,总之——黑客们已经指出它并不完全奏效。) Mun, a recent graduate of the Rhode Island School of Design, created a typeface called ZXX intended to fool text-scanning programs in protest of the National Security Agency's surveillance programs that were brought to light this year. The font gets its name from the coding system the Library of Congress' uses to label a book's written language. "ZXX" indicates "no linguistic content." It's free to download online. M最近从罗德岛设计学院毕业的Mun发明了一种名叫ZXX的字体来欺骗文本扫描软件,以抗议国家安全局今年曝光的监控计划。这一字体名字的由来是根据国会图书馆用来标示书籍著作语言的代码系统。“ZXX”指的是“无语言内容”。它可以免费下载。 13. An amazing new way to eat Pringles 13、品客薯片的惊人新吃法 译注:↑本发明图文无关。翻译的时候我盯着这图看了半天,还以为他们发明了一个板子。 Clearly the most life-changing invention on this list, the beautiful simplicity of this Pringle dispensing device makes us wonder how it took so long to become a reality. Never get your hand stuck in that tube like an over-eager raccoon again! The EntreX Chips Dispenser is basically an bigger version of those slap bracelets you had as a kid -- it clips around the outside of the can until you're hungry, and then can be straightened out to help reach the bottom of the can. 很明显这是本榜单中最颠覆生活的一项创新。如此简洁美观的品客薯片分离设备让我们不禁困惑为何它过了这么久才被发明。再也不用像一个激动过度的浣熊一样把手卡进筒子里了!这个极品薯片分离器基本上是你们小时候戴过的腕带的大号版本——它可以缠在罐子外面,等你嘴馋了的时候,可以把它撸直了,帮你够到罐底。
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发表于 2013-12-22 15:32:50 | 显示全部楼层
创造科技,应用科技,享受科技。
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